With the Right Information, You Can Make the Best Decisions
About Your Foot and Ankle Health

At Capital District Podiatry, we believe that having the right information will help our patients make the best decisions about their foot and ankle health. That is why we are dedicated to providing you with an extensive resource on our website full of a wide array of topics on foot and ankle injuries, conditions, prevention and treatments.

This information is intended for you to learn about your symptoms, what may have lead to your injury and what treatment options we can provide for you. This patient education library is reliable, trustworthy and valuable information so please use it anytime you have a concern about your foot and ankle health.

Preventative education can keep you free from many of the common foot and ankle problems that affect people today. Accidents do happen and the type of care and how fast you get it will make the difference in how quickly you get back to your life without foot pain. Some of the common conditions diagnosed and treated by Dr. Pandya and our excellent staff include:

Achilles problems

Ankle Sprains

Arthritis pain

Bone spurs

Bunions

Hammertoes

Heel pain

Nail problems

Nerve conditions

  • Neuromas
  • Neuropathy

Skin problems

  • Warts
  • Fungal infections
  • Corns and calluses
  • Cracks and sores

Toe fractures

 

Your overall health affects your feet and many underlying conditions can cause damage to your feet first. It is important if you have a medical condition such as poor circulation, diabetes or arthritis that you not only stay informed of risk factors and symptoms to be aware of but that you catch problems early and seek appropriate treatment promptly.

We encourage you to use our patient education resources to understand any health conditions you may face and to make an appointment at any time. Call our podiatric office directly at (518) 273-0053 or request an appointment online.

As an extra resource for you, Dr. Pandya has written two books full of valuable information that you can receive at no cost. To have your free copy sent to you today, simply click on the book images of Tiptoe Your Way to Happy Feet and Stop Heel Pain found on our homepage.

About 67 million adults in this country have discovered that walking is one of the most fun, natural, and inexpensive ways of keeping your health—and your feet—in top shape. Walking can be enjoyed almost anywhere, any time, and year around. It's also a good way to get exercise, particularly for people who are out-of-shape.

According to the American Podiatric Medical Association, exercise offers a host of benefits. Walking helps control weight, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels. A brisk walk can burn up to 100 calories per mile or 300 calories per hour. Walking also improves cardiovascular fitness. As an aerobic exercise, walking gets the heart beating faster to transport oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the muscles. The heart and lungs grow more efficient with a regular walking regimen, reducing blood pressure and the resting heart rate. Walking is also a central element of medical rehabilitation for a wide array of health problems. For example, recovery from a heart attack can be facilitated by a regular walking regimen. Additionally, walking creates an overall feeling of well-being, and can relieve depression, anxiety, and stress by producing endorphins, the body's natural tranquilizer. A brisk walk will relax you and also stimulate your thinking.

To gain the most health benefit from walking, it is important to pay attention to your feet. Shoes that don't fit properly or provide adequate support, lack of stretching, and improper gait can lead to foot injuries or pain. The most common foot problems are blisters, corns, calluses, and plantar fasciitis.

Walking Shoes

The only equipment you need to enjoy walking for fitness is a good pair of shoes. But before you can shop for the best shoe for your foot, you need to identify the natural inclination of your foot and gait. There are three basic foot types:

  • Pronators are people with relatively flat feet, caused by low arches, which generally leads to overpronation, or a gait in which the ankle rolls inward excessively. People with this foot type need motion control shoes that offer support for mid-foot. Motion-control shoes are more rigid and built on a straight last. These are generally board-lasted shoes, which have a piece of cardboard running the length of the shoe for greater stability. Look for sturdy uppers for added stability and avoid shoes with a lot of cushioning or highly curved toes. Also look for a reinforced heel counter to maintain foot support and stability.
  • Supinators are people with high arches, which can lead to underpronation that places too much weight on the outsides of the feet. People with this foot type need stability shoes designed for extra shock absorption and often having a curved or semi-curved last. A slip-lasted shoe is also recommended, because the sewn seam runs the length of the shoe  giving it greater flexibility. Also look for shoes that are reinforced around the ankle and heel to stabilize the foot and extra cushioning under the ball of the foot.
  • People with normal feet can wear any type of walking shoe, although a curved last is generally preferred.

When you walk, the natural motion of your foot rolls gradually from the heel to the toe, with your foot bending at the ball on each step. That's why it is important for walking shoes to have enough flexibility in just the right places.  A good walking shoe should give a little when you twist it and bend at the ball of the foot. When you put the shoe on a flat surface and push on the toe the heel should come up off the surface. If it does, the shoe has the curvature you need to conform to your movement during walking.  Make sure the heel is low and not too wide. A slight undercut in the heel will help your foot begin its roll from the heel through the step.

Here are some other important tips for buying a good pair of walking shoes:

  • Shop at the end of the day when your feet are slightly swollen to get a good fit.
  • Try on shoes with the socks you will wear when walking. If you use an orthotic, bring that to the store when you try on shoes as well.
  • Have your feet measured standing up and fit your shoes to the larger of your two feet.
  • Be sure there is enough room in the toe box for your toes to wiggle and about a half inch between your toes and the end of the shoe.
  • Take time when shopping to try on different brands and walk around the store in each pair. Be sure to walk on a hard surface, not just on carpeting. Let your foot be the guide to the fit, not the shoe size or style.
  • Look for lightweight, breathable materials for greater comfort.
  • Run your hand all over and inside the shoes to feel for any seams or catches that might irritate your foot.
  • Choose shoes that lace for better foot stability and control.
  • Make sure your heel fits snugly and does not tend toward slipping out of the shoe.
  • Wear your walking shoes only for walking to extend their life. Consider buying two pairs and rotating your wear to give each pair time to breath between walks.
  • Replace walking shoes after every 300 to 600 miles, depending on how hard you are on your shoes.