With the Right Information, You Can Make the Best Decisions
About Your Foot and Ankle Health
At Capital District Podiatry, we believe that having the right information will help our patients make the best decisions about their foot and ankle health. That is why we are dedicated to providing you with an extensive resource on our website full of a wide array of topics on foot and ankle injuries, conditions, prevention and treatments.
This information is intended for you to learn about your symptoms, what may have lead to your injury and what treatment options we can provide for you. This patient education library is reliable, trustworthy and valuable information so please use it anytime you have a concern about your foot and ankle health.
Preventative education can keep you free from many of the common foot and ankle problems that affect people today. Accidents do happen and the type of care and how fast you get it will make the difference in how quickly you get back to your life without foot pain. Some of the common conditions diagnosed and treated by Dr. Pandya and our excellent staff include:
- Ingrown toenails
- Fungal nails
- Fungal infections
- Corns and calluses
- Cracks and sores
Your overall health affects your feet and many underlying conditions can cause damage to your feet first. It is important if you have a medical condition such as poor circulation, diabetes or arthritis that you not only stay informed of risk factors and symptoms to be aware of but that you catch problems early and seek appropriate treatment promptly.
We encourage you to use our patient education resources to understand any health conditions you may face and to make an appointment at any time. Call our podiatric office directly at (518) 273-0053 or request an appointment online.
As an extra resource for you, Dr. Pandya has written two books full of valuable information that you can receive at no cost. To have your free copy sent to you today, simply click on the book images of Tiptoe Your Way to Happy Feet and Stop Heel Pain found on our homepage.
Ulcers are skin wounds that are slow to heal. In the foot, as prominent metatarsal heads on the plantar (bottom of the foot)are subjected to increased pressure, the skin begins to become callused. When subjected to shearing forces, there is a separation between the layers on this callused skin, which fills with fluid and becomes contaminated and infected. The result is a foot ulcer.
Ulcers are classified in four stages, according to how deeply they penetrate the layers of skin they have broken through.
The four stages of ulcers are:
- Stage 1—Characterized by reddening wounds over bony areas. The redness on the skin does not go away when pressure is relieved.
- Stage 2—Characterized by blisters, peeling, or cracked skin. There is a partial thickness skin loss involving the top two layers of the skin.
- Stage 3—Characterized by broken skin and sometimes bloody drainage. There is a full thickness skin loss involving subcutaneous tissue (the tissue between the skin and the muscle.)
- Stage 4—Characterized by breaks in the skin involving skin, muscle, tendon, and bone and are often associated with a bone infection (osteomyelitis).
The are also four major cause of foot ulcers:
- Neuropathic—Related to the nerves and characterized by a loss of sensation in the feet.
- Arterial—Related to poor blood circulation to the lower extremity. This type of ulcer can be very painful and is usually found on the tips of toes, lower legs, ankle, heel, and top of the foot. It can very easily become infected.
- Venous—Related to compromised veins. These ulcers are often seen around the inside of the ankle and are slow to heal.
- Decubitus—Derived from excessive and prolonged pressure on one area of the foot. The most common type of decubitus ulcer of the feet is bed sores on the backs of the heels of people confined to bed for long periods of time.
Foot ulcers are a common problem for diabetics. Contact casts are sometimes applied to the diabetic foot to relieve the bony prominent areas of pressure, allowing ulcers to heal.